Germany Horwitz Bernhard (10.05.1808 - 29.09.1885)
German-born painter and chess study composer, Horwitz belonged to the Berlin Pleiades before moving to Hamburg in 1839 and to London and Manchester six years later. In England he earned money by playing and teaching chess and by drawing portraits, especially of children, although he would have preferred to succeed at landscape painting. His chess fame rests largely on the work Chess Studies, a collection of endings, which he published jointly with the German musician Kling, with whom he also edited the journal The Chess Player (1851-3). Horwitz worked as the chess professional in Kling’s chess rooms (Oxford Street, London) in 1852 in Manchester. In 1857 he was appointed professional at Manchester Chess Club and through his influence Blackburne learnt much about the endgame. Horwitz retained his interest in this phase and crowned his composing career by winning first prize in the world’s first study-composing tourney, an international event, organized by Loewenthal in 1862.  As a practical player he had indifferent results, losing matches against Staunton, Harrwitz (two), Kieseritzky, Williams and Kolisch, though beating Bird; in his three tournaments (London 1851, Manchester 1857 and Bristol 1861) he played without distinction, being eliminated in the second round in London and in the first round in the other two events). Horwitz’s true love was problems, as one sees from his obituary in the 1885 International Chess Magazine: ‘His knowledge in all matters of endgames and problems was simply marvelous… To see Horwitz really in his glory, it was necessary to see him surrounded with about a dozen young problemists and solvers… problem and endgame and study would be set up and solved whilst the old man’s eye would gleam and his face broaden out into smiles.’ Author of Chess Studies (1851, with J. Kling) and Chess Studies and Endgames (1884).
Updated 10.11.2011